Today, we’ll go into ancient times and take a look at how children were viewed under Roman rule and why Jesus’ circumcision is an important detail not to skip over!
Yesterday, those who receive emails from the ministry got a blog devotional about the “science” behind being Jesus being circumcised on Day 8. It was also yesterday’s podcast. Scroll down our podcast page and listen to Wed 12/21 or find Peace Be Still Daily Prayer Download on your favorite podcast app and listen there. 80% of our listeners use Apple podcasts. And so today, we continue where we began yesterday, taking notice of Luke 2:21 which says that He was officially named on the 8th day, the same day that he was circumcised. Big deal? Yes or no?
Turns out that detail is pretty interesting and very important! Let’s look more closely at ancient culture to understand.
In the time of Jesus, the Romans ruled. And so we are to take note that Luke writes his account to Theopholis, Luke 1:3. He calls him “most excellent Theopholis”. In Roman culture, this implies a Roman title of respect and official importance. So we can make a strong assumption that Theopholis was an important Roman official. Luke also writes the book of Acts to Theopholis. See Acts 1:1. Luke is clear that his account is an orderly account, Luke 1:3.
In his Gospel account to Theopholis, Luke carefully includes the decree issued by Caesar Augustus that all the world should be registered. It is the reason Joseph and Mary go back to Bethlehem. They are to be “registered”. There is an official count happening of the entire world, Luke 2:1-5.
To understand this better, I’m referencing is an exhaustive work written by a man name O M Bakke. It’s called “When Children became people- The Birth of Childhood in Early Christianity”. In it, he explores theological and social history of Greco-Roman and early Christians towards abortion and child prostitution, pedagogy, moral upbringing, and their value within society. It is a shocking and insightful read, especially considering the direction our world is now heading, or should I say reverting to. I highly recommend it.
Related to birth, in the Roman way of life, Bakke notes the father was LEGALLY allowed to decide whether his newborn would live or die! Think of that in modern view. He was legally allowed to decide if the newborn would live or die after birth. He could do so within the first 8-9 days. And when accepting the child as a family member, they would hold a ritual known as a day of purification. It was on this day that a child was given its name and LEGALLY REGISTERED. The ceremony for boys was held on the 8th day, and the ceremony for girls was on the 9th day. Under Roman law, the ceremony marked the child’s social birth, as compared to biological birth. So in other words, Jesus would have been officially registered and counted in the census happening under Caesar Augustus! Read these 2 pages from Bakke’s book below.
So read Luke 2:21 again-
And when eight days were completed for the circumcision of the Child, His name was called JESUS, the name given by the angel before He was conceived in the womb.
Luke is making it clear that Jesus was officially counted in a worldwide census! As a Roman official, Theopolis could check the record!
Think about this detail as it relates to the many arguments that Jesus never existed. Jesus is a fictional figure. Jesus is a fairy tale.
How awesome is it that we have this holy record! That Luke wrote his account to a Roman official, including significant details that validate Christ, not just under Jewish covenant of circumcision, but along with Roman mandate of legal registration! How awesome that he lets Theopholis know the words of the Angel to Mary…
Luke 1:31-33- 31 You will conceive and give birth to a son, and you are to call him Jesus. 32 He will be great and will be called the Son of the Most High. The Lord God will give him the throne of his father David, 33 and he will reign over Jacob’s descendants forever; his kingdom will never end.”
This might cause quite a stir within Theopholis don’t you think? If you were a highly influential government official today and received word of a king being born whose kingdom would have no end, would you take a closer look at the careful details shared about him?
May this stir you to notice the tiny details in scripture that maybe you gloss over, skip over, or dismiss off-handedly. Meditate on scripture. Dig deeper!
NEXT STEP: Consider how thousands of years before Roman rule, God picked the 8th day for males to be circumcised and brought under holy covenant given to Abraham and his descendants! Read about the covenant of circumcision in Genesis 17! As a believer, you are included under that covenant. How does it affect you? Do you know by memory what it includes before reading it again?
We are so blessed to live in a time of solid biblical resources. Ask the Holy Spirit to teach you and lead you to Spirit filled revelation! May you and yours have a blessed day of celebrating our eternal King and His coming Kingdom! The greatest gift of all!
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Prayer is Gift!
Hi my name is Gina; and I’m the founder of the ministry. My 25 year journey with God has been centered on immersing myself in the safe relationship God offers, learning about the power of surrender, and praying for His life in greater measure!
I’ve experienced radical healing in mind, body, and spirit and believe God for more! I long for others to position themselves for the same!
Into the Waters’ resources are a result of ways I spend time with God for peace, rest, power, and renewal.
Read the blogs, try the exercises, listen to the podcast, participate in online sessions! His promises for life and wholeness are offered to all! But you have to say “Yes!”
The content is original to the author, Gina Williamson. Used with permission.