One of the issues that causes controversy between Jesus and the Pharisees over and over again is their different understanding of the Sabbath. The passage is the first time this issue comes up in the gospel of Mark. One Sabbath, the disciples were hungry. So, as they walked, they picked some heads of grain. They were chewing on them to kill their hunger. The Pharisees had all kinds of human rules about what you weren’t allowed to do on the Sabbath day, and they were always looking to point out anything that Jesus or his disciples did wrong. So, they asked Jesus why was it that his disciples were breaking the law on the Sabbath. When Jesus responded, he didn’t say that the Sabbath didn’t matter.